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Term 4 – November Exams and Memos​

Term 4 - November Exams and Memos

Best Study help for 2019 exams

For most learners, it is difficult to focus for more than a few moments on any task, and that’s quite natural, due to their curiosity and energy.

However, concentration is essential for studying, for homework and the completion of any task for the November Exams (2019)

Adults can improve their concentration with special exercises; however, with students, one needs to use slightly different strategies. You can help your child increase her/his concentration in various ways.

Study time Best Education November exams

Divide exam papers into Smaller Tasks

The whole exam may require too much concentration and discipline. It would be a good idea to divide it into smaller sections over 10 - 20 minutes at a time while practising.

A whole exam requires time, dedication and focus, might seem intimidated and overwhelming and can awaken reluctance to tackle. A small part seems more natural to carry through, and there is less resistance.

Reducing Distractions

Unless engaged in something they like, children might find it difficult to screen out distractions. You need to keep the environment where they learn or study, as distraction-free as possible. Be especially wary of television, loud music, noises, and anything else that might distract attention.

Television and Cell Phones

It is not a good idea to watch TV while doing exams or practising for it since this distracts the attention. Text messages also interrupt concentration. It is recommended not to read text messages or use cell phones while studying.

Studying at the same time every day

Repeating the same activity every day at the same hour, eventually, turns it into a habit. If your child sits down for homework or exams every day at the same hour, after a while, when the hour comes, there will be less effort required to focus. The mind will know that the time for studying has arrived, and would be more willing to study.

Give Them Enough Physical Activity

Some physical activity, like playing and some sports, between study and questions, provides a way to vent out extra energy. This would help your child to be less restless, offset boredom and make it easier to focus.

Give Them Enough Physical Activity

Some physical activity, like playing and some sports, between study and questions, provides a way to vent out extra energy.

Giving children too many questions and involving them in too many activities can be overwhelming and tiring for their brains. As a parent, you should allow them enough time for pleasure and fun, so they don’t feel too pressurised. Offer a period of play/doing a non-academic task that they enjoy, as a reward for completing a section of their study timetable.

Enough Rest

Ensure that the child has enough sleep at night, and also, some rest during the day.

Always start with June exams

Beginning with March exams set a baseline of the work your child has done. It will show you where he or she is still struggling. Look at the memo at the end of each paper and mark only the correct answers. The wrong answers don’t mark. Psychology plays a huge role in any child.

The wrong answers need to be worked on first. Keep a separate paper and example to your child the response from the memo.

November exams

Starting with the November exams will take all the above steps into action.

Start with Home Language first (HL) then also do the First Addition Language (FAL) and then the rest of the subjects. Mathematics, Social Sciences etc.

Here are links to all the official exam papers you need to practice.

Done with a paper?

Read questions and answers from the exam and the Memo again. Study how to answer it correctly.

VERY VERY IMPORTANT. QUESTIONS ALWAYS REPEATS WITH EXAMS. ONLY THE ANSWER DIFFERS

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The best education systems in the world – 2019

The best education systems in the world - 2019

  • Best Education countries
  • What makes these countries the best in education
  • A bit more info about each country's education system.

Let’s face it. If your country does not have a proper education system, you are already a few years behind. Cutting-edge discoveries are made mostly in Universities with amazing students who do the research. It starts with the Best Education system from a young age, without early age development, no county will be fit to rank as the BEST.
Best Education analysed each country in the world and gave them a score on a preception-based global survey, which used an accumulation of scores from equally weight countries attributes. Areas we had scored countries include but is not limited to:

  1. a well-developed public education system
  2. systematical evaluation of each age group within the school system
  3. would a student consider attending university in the country
  4. quality of education system from early age development
  5. newest cutting-edge researches by universities
  6. drop-out rate
  7. learning of skills on a global level
  8. school life expectancy
  9. population by the highest level of education
  10. school/university infrastructure
  11.  measures on teachers – for example, pupil to teacher ratio.

Best Education took all areas into account. Visits were done during March 2019 – July 2019.


Now for the significant result. Top 5 Countries in the World with the Best Education to offer learners.

No. 5 - Best Education Country in the world

Singapore

Singapore or officially the Republic of Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia.

Students excelled in most of the world education benchmark tests. Mathematics, Science and reading are some of the areas the students outdid other countries.

Pre-school offered from age three. English is the primary language of subjects, but mother tongue languages in regions are also a common practice.

best education system singapore

At the end of secondary school, all students take an exam, and can then choose to continue to pre-university education if they score well. Pre-universities offer courses between two and three years.

Ministry of Education – Singapore offers free education to all its citizens, although some costs are excluded, for example, informs, transport or stationary.

No. 4 - Best Education Country in the world

Netherlands

In the Netherlands, students start school from the age of 4 years.  Secondary education follows with vocational education or higher education before entering university levels.

The Netherlands are mostly Dusch speaking, but over the years universities have developed, and some even offer more than 100 degrees. The best-scored university was Delft University of Technology. Delft has around 17 000 students with about 4000 international students.

We found most of the teachers to be overqualified in the Netherlands. Teachers are dedicated, professional and approachable like the Ministry of Education wrote on the official website.

Other universities we were blown away by and are also included in the Top 100 universities in the world:

Wageningen University & Research
University of Amsterdam
Leiden University
Erasmus University Rotterdam

No. 3 - Best Education Country in the world

Sweden

Boy o boy. The Swedish do things differently. Pre-schooling offered from the age of one! You read it right ONE! At least 3 hours of school for learners with parents who are working, unemployed, studying or parental leave. It’s every child, to be honest.

From 2015 Sweden is making applauding acceleration in education. Sweden rakes 3rd in the world of students completing between 15 – 18 of age and 6th in the world for age 5 to 13.

Sweden writes national tests in grade 3, 6 and 9 to ensure all students are assessed equivalently (same as South Africa).
Thanks, Signe, Tilda, Fanny and Ebba for explaining the Sweden school system to us when we visited them.

No. 2 - Best Education Country in the world

Japan

Japan’s education system maintained its second position for three years.

The leading indicator contributes to developing learners from age 5 to 14. Learners need to clean up after themselves, work in groups or teams and 100% of pupils in the country attend school.

School is five days a week, but most schools have “optional” classes on Saturdays. Only a few learners do not attend school on Saturdays.

Schools start at 8:45 am till 3:15 pm. More than half of the learners have after-school clubs in the evening to do extra studying.

best education japan in the world

No. 1 - Best Education Country in the world

Finland

  • Finland’s intellectual and educational reforms have entirely revolutionized its educational system.
  • The Finnish system doesn’t encourage cramming or standardized tests.
  • Finland’s common-sense practices and a holistic teaching environment strives for equity over excellence.

Accountability for teachers (not required)

A lot of the blame goes to the teachers and rightfully so sometimes. However, in Finland, the bar is set so high for teachers, that there is often no reason to have a rigorous “grading” system for teachers. 

Pasi Sahlberg, director of the Finnish Ministry of Education and writer of Finnish Lessons: What Can the World Learn from Educational Change in Finland? Said that following about teachers’ accountability:

"There's no word for accountability in Finnish… Accountability is something that is left when responsibility has been subtracted."

Starting school at an older age

Students start school when they are seven years old. They’re given free rein in the developing childhood years not to be chained to compulsory education. It’s merely a way to let a kid be a kid.

Finland has nine years of compulsory school that learners are required to attend. Everything past the 9th grade or at the age of 16 is optional.

South Africa

Ranked 138th in the world!  

–  World Economic Forum

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All You Need to Know About Learning Disorders

learning disorders best education

All you need to know about Learning Disorders

“Study hard! You will be a CAPS level 7 student” – they say.

However, sometimes no matter how hard you study you still do not get the desired results and at most times you just never seem to make it. You are not doing anything wrong, it might just be a learning disorder. 

Learning disorders/disabilities are neurological. Best characterized by difficulty in reading, writing, spelling, reasoning, recalling and /or organizing information if left to figure out things on your own or if taught in conventional ways.

Learner disabilities

Children with learning disabilities are as smart or smarter than their peers, except they have the above-mentioned difficulties. Learning disabilities are life long and incurable. 

Learning disabilities often interfere with higher-level skills such as

  • organization
  • time planning
  • long and short term memory and
  • attention.

They have a great impact on one’s life beyond the classroom. They affect relationships with friends, family, and peers. CAPS teachers are most likely to pick up these disabilities as they deal with learners first hand in schools. Other individuals can go through life without knowing they have difficulties with either academics or personal relationships. 

Some Facts About Learning Disabilities 

  • Approximately 10-30 % of children have learning disabilities
  • Learning disabilities are more prevalent in boys than in girls
  • Difficulty with basic reading and language skills are the most common learning disabilities. As many as  80% of students with learning disabilities have problems with reading in CAPS. 
  • Learning disabilities often run in families. 
  • Learning disabilities should not be confused with other disabilities such as autism, intellectual disability, blindness, deafness, and behavioral disorders 
  • Attention disorders, such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities often occur at the same time, but these two disorders are not the same. 
boys than in girls

Some Of The Signs Indicative Of A Learning Disability 

  • Difficulty following verbal instructions
  • Problems with math skills
  • Difficulty remembering
  • Failure to finish tasks on time
  • Forgetting homework or assignments
  • Losing their place when reading or copying
  • Asking self-explanatory questions
  • An awareness of a mistake, but difficulty correcting it
  • Poor handwriting
  • Clumsiness 
  • Difficulty making choices, identifying main ideas from details 
  • Poor attention span

Learning Disabilities in CAPS

Dyslexia/Reading Disorder

Visual-Perceptual-Visual-Motor-Deficit-with-CAPS

A language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words. How bad it varies within individuals, affects reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech and can coexist with other related disorders.

Dyscalculia

Dyscalculia CAPS

A mathematical disability in which a person has difficulty solving arithmetic problems and grasping math problems. They show poor comprehension of maths symbols, may struggle with memorizing and organizing numbers, problems telling time, or have trouble with counting.

Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia

A writing disability in which a person finds it hard to form letters or write within a defined space. A learner is unable to produce legible handwriting in an appropriate length of time.

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) / Central Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory-Processing-Disorder-in-CAPS

This condition negatively affects how sound that travels unimpeded through the ear is processed or interpreted by the brain. Affected individuals do not recognize subtle differences between sounds in words even when sounds are audible enough to be heard. They have a hard time locating the source of a sound, to make sense of the order of sounds, or to block out competing for background noises.

Language Processing Disorder (LPD)

Language Processing Disorder CAPS

Relates to the processing of language. Affects expressive language and or receptive language. It is a specific type of APD in which there are difficulties attaching meaning to sound groups that form words, sentences, and stories.

Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit

Visual-Perceptual-Visual-Motor-Deficit-with-CAPS

A disorder that affects the understanding of information that a person sees, or the ability to draw or copy even though they appear to have normal vision. It can result in missing subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, losing space frequently, struggles with cutting, holding the pencil too tightly, and or poor eye/hand coordination.

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NLD)

Non-Verbal-Learning-Disabilities-caps

A neurological disorder that originates in the right hemisphere of the brain, causing problems with visual-spatial, intuitive, organizational, evaluative and holistic processing functions.

Intervention
• Group or individual remedial lessons
• Occupational Therapy for children with NLD
• Physiotherapy for NLD and motor disabilities
• Speech and Language therapy for children with LPD and APD
• Homework tutors to assist with individual homework sessions

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Gr. 4 – 6 English FAL (First Additional Language) Assessments

English-FAL-Gr-4-6 eclassroom best education

Gr. 4 – 6 English FAL
(First Additional Language) Assessments

What teachers and parents need to know how assessment for Gr. 4 - 6 English FAL should be and mistakes teachers and parents make while not realising what their child should do.​

Assessment is a continuous planned process of :

  • identifying
  • gathering and
  • interpreting

information about the performance of learners, using various forms of assessment.

Assessments for each learner has to be week by week during each term. All assessments can not take place at once. For example, each task/assessment should be weekly or partly done. Teachers should inform parents or learners how they performed on the tasks/assessments as clear as possible – in the form of scales 1 – 7 with totals included.

Kind of Assessments

CAPS Informal Assessment

Informal assessment is daily monitoring of learners’ progress (classwork or actives). Regular monitoring will enable a teacher to establish the type of attention a learner will need as you proceed.

CAPS Self Assessment

Formal assessment tasks are marked and formally recorded by the teacher for progression purposes. All Formal Assessment tasks are subject to moderation for quality assurance and to ensure that appropriate standards are maintained.

CAPS Formal Assessment

Formal assessment tasks are marked and formally recorded by the teacher for progression purposes. All Formal Assessment tasks are subject to moderation for quality assurance and to ensure that appropriate standards are maintained.

English-FAL-Gr-4-6 eclassroom best education

CAPS Moderation of task or assessments

Moderation is typically done by HOD (Head of the department) in most cases. HOD's have to make sure specific percentages % are met during each term. For instance: 60% of questions should be low (all learners should be able to do it) 20% of questions should be standard quality (for learners who are in the middle) 20% of questions should be higher quality (for students who need to think about the questions in a logical sense)

In other words, teachers should cater to all learners in a class or grade for English FAL.

A formal assessment provides teachers with a systematic way of evaluating how well learners are progressing in a grade and English FAL (First Additional language).

The formal Program of Assessment for Grades 4-6 comprises of a minimum of seven (7) tasks which make up 75% of the promotion mark and one end-of-the-year examination for the final 25%. What does this mean in short for SBA:

  • Seven tasks from term 1 – 4, It will count 75% of the total marks at the end of the year and
  • One exam at the end of the year. The exam will be 25% of your child’s mark.

Grade 4 – 6 hours or min for teaching each task or activity for English FAL:

  1. Listening and speaking (1 hour a week)
  2. Reading and Viewing (2.5 hours a week)
  3. Writing and Presenting (1 hour a week)
  4. Language structure and Conventions (30 min per week)

Gr. 4 – 6 English FAL teaching hours in total comes down to 5 hours a week.

Program for assessment for Grade 4 - 6 English FAL

A program for assessment must be drawn up by the school, indicating the dates on which tasks will take place. Schools are not limited to several marks allocated to language skill as long as the weighting for each language skill should be observed. Each task, according to the percentage allocated in the assessment program.

Here is the assessment table for English FAL for each grade and term. Please remember the % level is not the total marks. The percentage is what it will count towards the 100% for each term.

 

Gr. 4 - 6 English FAL Term 1 Assessment program
Grade 4 – 6 English FAL Term 1 Assessment program
Gr. 4 - 6 English FAL Term 2 Assessment program
Grade 4 – 6 English FAL Term 2 Assessment program
Grade 4 - 6 English FAL Term 3 Assessment program
Grade 4 – 6 English FAL Term 3 Assessment program
Grade 4 - 6 English FAL Term 4 Assessment program
Grade 4 – 6 English FAL Term 4 Assessment program

Final examination will consist of the following:

  • Reading comprehension, including vocabulary work
  • Writing of a short creative text, including appropriate and correct usage of the format, grammar, punctuation and spelling
  • Writing of a short transactional (information/media/social) writing, including proper and correct usage of the composition, grammar, punctuation and spelling
  • Language Structures and Conventions to show knowledge and understanding of grammar, punctuation and spelling
  • Listening and Speaking skills will not be assessed as part of the examination.
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YOUR CHILD’S LEARNING STYLE

my childs learning style

LET'S HELP YOU UNDERSTAND YOUR CHILD’S LEARNING STYLE

UNDERSTAND YOUR CHILD’S LEARNING STYLE

Too very often, children are misunderstood and end up underperforming because parents and teachers don’t know how to deal with them, addressing the child’s learning style.

Let’s face it; our education system shows a great deal of bias when it comes to skill and cognitive development of students. Teaching can not be a one size fits all programme. There are things you as a parent can do to supplement the learning process and arming yourself with all the necessary tools and information to help your child.

Grades

Understanding the human brain is of vital importance. 

The left side of the brain controls logical thinking. Like Maths and facts. 

The right side of the brain controls visuals, imagination and feelings. 

It depends on which side of the brain is most dominant in your child. Some learners learn best through pictures (visual learners). Others though listening (auditory learners). Some are more hands-on learners (they have to be physically involved for them to learn)

Howard Gardner, a Harvard professor, did research that came out some of the following classic learning styles to help us understand the different learning styles.

The Linguistic learner

The Linguistic learner

The most common type of learner, might not be really since this type of learning is the one imposed on students in schools. This learner learns best by reading, writing, listening or speaking. For example, this learner would have to read something, internalise it and then write it down from their brain. They also tend to talk about it, reciting what they have learned.

The Logical/Mathematical Learner

The Logical:Mathematical Learner

They must classify or categorise things. Patterns, relationships, numbers and equations are a walk in the park for them. These are your future engineers, mathematicians, scientists and other technical professions. They are useful in problem-solving.

The Visual or Spatial Learner

The Visual or Spatial Learner

These learners learn best with the aids of visual aid. Pictures, diagrams and graphs are precisely what they need. Almost like logical learners, they tend to enter technically-oriented and engineering fields. Your child would have a great future in IT and computer programming since computers are conceptual.

The Musical or Rhythmic Learner

The Musical or Rhythmic Learner

Learns using melody or rhythm. Most likely to be a musician, learning how to play by listening to a piece of music. Can be a learner who learns best when humming, whistling, toe-tapping, tapping their pencil on the desk, wiggling, or listening to music in the background. Music, for them, is not a distraction but helps with the learning process.

The Naturalist

The Naturalist learner

The naturalist learns by working with and experiencing nature. Best capture information or knowledge through experimentation.

The Physical or Kinaesthetic learner

The Physical or Kinaesthetic learner

They need to get their hands dirty! They need to interact with the objects around them. According to FamilyEducation.com jobs like those in the arts, manufacturing or creative fields are ideal for these learners. 

The Interpersonal Learner

The Interpersonal Learner

Relating to others is how they learn. They share stories and ideas, work best in teams. Mostly found in fields of psychology and social sciences.

The Intrapersonal Learner

The Intrapersonal Learner

Works and learns best when they are alone. Self-motivated and often introverts. They tend to enter creative fields and become entrepreneurs.

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